Kangaroo Point Dental

Periodontal Disease-gum Disease

Are you suffering from bleeding gums after brushing your teeth?

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What is periodontitis or gum disease?

Periodontitis is a common infection that damages and shrinks the soft tissue and bone that supports the teeth. With less support, the teeth can become wobbly leading to tooth loss.

It is caused by plaque and bacteria build up that is left untreated for extensive periods and this build-up of plaque is generally due to poor oral hygiene. Genetic and environmental factors can also contribute to gum disease.

At Kangaroo Point Dental, we want to help avoid this problem through educating our patients what the best methods of treatment and prevention are.

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How do you know if you have periodontal disease?

Although there may be little to no symptoms in some cases, you can look out for potential signs of gum disease including:

  • Swollen & red gums
  • Bleeding of gums upon brushing
  • Continual bad breath and bad taste in mouth
  • Sensitivity of teeth & pain when chewing
  • Receding gum line
  • New spaces that form between the teeth

What causes periodontal disease?

Bacterial plaque, a sticky, colourless membrane that develops over the surface of teeth, is the most common cause of periodontal disease. If plaque it not removed, it can harden to form tartar, or calculus.

Most cases of periodontitis are preventable through good dental hygiene.

Things to know about Periodontal Disease

  • Periodontitis, or gum disease, affects the area around the tooth, including the bone and the gum.
  • It happens when bacteria and plaque build up around the tooth, and the immune system launches a reaction.
  • Good oral hygiene is part of both treatment and prevention, but sometimes surgery is necessary too.
  • Smoking increases the risk of gum disease and of treatment not working.
  • There appears to be a link between gum disease and conditions elsewhere in the body, such as heart disease.

Good oral hygiene

  • Regular brushing at least twice a day and flossing daily
  • Brush daily even if your teeth and gums are healthy to prevent potential infection
  • Use an interdental brush to clean between the teeth if there is enough space
  • Soft picks to be used if the space between the teeth is smaller
  • Use a soft tooth brush and fluoride toothpaste
  • An electric toothbrush is also useful for those who have arthritis or dexterity concerns for a thorough clean.

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I never thought I could be so okay with going to the Dentist!

~ Amanda R, March 2021

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